Non Compete Agreement New Jersey Law

Non-Compete Agreement – A Comprehensive Guide to New Jersey Law

A non-compete agreement is a legal contract that prohibits an employee from working for a competitor or starting their own business in the same industry for a specified period after leaving the current employer. In New Jersey, non-compete agreements are common in many industries, including healthcare, technology, and finance.

New Jersey law considers non-compete agreements as restraints of trade and, therefore, subject to careful scrutiny by courts. These agreements must meet several criteria to be enforceable under state law, including:

1. Reasonable Restrictions: Non-compete agreements must be reasonable in their scope, duration, and geographic area. The restrictions must not be overly broad, preventing the employee from pursuing their career or finding employment after leaving the current employer.

2. Legitimate Business Interest: The employer must show that the non-compete agreement is necessary to protect a legitimate business interest, such as trade secrets, confidential information, or customer relationships.

3. Adequate Consideration: The employee must receive adequate consideration, such as a salary increase, promotion, or bonus, in exchange for the restrictions.

In New Jersey, non-compete agreements are also subject to the “Blue Pencil Rule,” which allows courts to modify or eliminate specific provisions that are deemed unreasonable while preserving the rest of the agreement`s validity.

Enforcing Non-Compete Agreements

If an employee violates a non-compete agreement, the employer can bring a lawsuit to enforce the agreement. In New Jersey, the employer can seek an injunction to stop the employee from violating the agreement and recover damages for any harm caused.

However, proving that the employee violated the agreement can be challenging, as New Jersey courts strictly interpret non-compete agreements and enforce them only if they meet the above criteria.

Alternatives to Non-Compete Agreements

In recent years, many states, including New Jersey, have introduced legislation to limit or ban non-compete agreements. In 2019, New Jersey passed a law prohibiting non-compete agreements for low-wage workers earning less than $15 per hour, with some exceptions.

Employers can also use other methods to protect their business interests, such as non-solicitation agreements, which prohibit former employees from soliciting their former employer`s customers or employees, or confidentiality agreements, which protect the employer`s confidential information.


Non-compete agreements are a common practice in many industries, including New Jersey. However, these agreements must meet specific criteria to be enforceable under state law. Employers must carefully draft non-compete agreements and consider using other methods to protect their legitimate business interests, such as non-solicitation agreements and confidentiality agreements. Employees should also carefully review non-compete agreements before signing them and seek legal advice if necessary.

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